Iniciativa de Cidadania Europeia

A partir de 2012, os cidadãos da UE tiveram o direito de se candidatar directamente à Comissão Europeia com uma Iniciativa de Cidadãos Europeus, a fim de propor uma alteração legislativa concreta.

Para tal, deve ser criado primeiro um comité de cidadãos, composto por pelo menos sete membros* de pelo menos sete países diferentes da UE. Após avaliação bem sucedida da iniciativa pela Comissão Europeia, o Comité de Cidadãos tem um ano para recolher assinaturas.

Um total de pelo menos um milhão de assinaturas deve ser recolhido, e o número mínimo de assinaturas deve ser alcançado em pelo menos um quarto dos estados da UE, actualmente sete estados da UE [1]. O número mínimo exigido é cerca de 750 vezes o número de membros do Parlamento Europeu deste país – na Alemanha, por exemplo, são necessárias 72.000 assinaturas.

O número mínimo de assinaturas necessárias para cada Estado-Membro da UE pode ser encontrado no Registo Oficial da Comissão Europeia [2]. Pode ser assinado quer por escrito quer em linha.

Se o número necessário de assinaturas for atingido dentro do prazo, a Comissão Europeia é obrigada a reagir e a Comissão dos Cidadãos pode apresentar a sua iniciativa numa audição pública no Parlamento Europeu. No prazo de três meses, a Comissão Europeia responderá sobre a forma como planeia proceder. Na melhor das hipóteses, isto conduzirá à adopção da proposta e a uma alteração legislativa. No entanto, a Comissão Europeia pode também rejeitar a iniciativa dos cidadãos e declarar as suas razões para o fazer.

Vemos a Iniciativa de Cidadãos Europeus como uma oportunidade de se empenharem na extensão do Regulamento de multas naturalmente anexadas na União Europeia. Por conseguinte, precisamos do maior número possível de apoiantes em toda a UE.

*A idade mínima de voto (geralmente 18 anos, Áustria e Malta 16 anos, Grécia 17 anos) deve ser atingida e não deve ser membro da Comissão Europeia. Não é necessária uma inscrição no registo eleitoral.

[1] Regulation (EU) No 211/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 February 2011 on the citizens’ initiative, 2011
[2] Official Register of the European Commission on the European Citizens’ Initiative, https://ec.europa.eu/citizens-initiative/public/signatories, 2019

Iniciadores da Iniciativa de Cidadania da UE

Representante:

Membro:

Nils Kluger
Germany
Nationality: German

Substitute:

Alexander Hendrik Cornelissen
Netherlands
Nationality: Dutch

Luis Miguel Fonseca Alves
Portugal

Katrien Vandevelde
Belgium

Monica Tenorio de Figueiredo Gabell
Sweden

Fernando Frias Reis
Spain

Frédéric Xavier Le Manach
France

Julian Engel
United Kingdom

Ioannis Giovos
Greece

Veerle Gishlain Roelandt
Italy

Chrysoula Gkoumpili
Greece

Sabine Reinstaller
Austria

Fabienne Rossier
France

Alexandar Dourchev
Bulgaria

Andrew Mark Griffiths
United Kingdom

Iniciadores #stopfinningEU

“With this initiative we as citizens have the chance to speak out against illegal finning and catching of sharks purely for their fins. The trading of fins from Europe must stop!”

Nils is a shark conservation activist and scuba diving instructor. He has been diving with sharks around the world and experienced both their beauty and meaning for marine ecosystems as well as the threats humans pose to their existence. Nils is working for Sharkproject, an international initiative for shark conservation.

Nils Kluger

Germany, Spokesperson

“Sharks are the most underappreciated animals in the oceans, sheer perfection and beauty. The importance of sharks in the eco-system is fundamental in the survival of the oceans; we need to step up our measures to protect sharks.”

Alex is the CEO of Sea Shepherd Global. Through his work for Sea Shepherd he has witnessed first hand the devastating effects of shark fishing on shark populations worldwide. He has also had the privilege to dive with sharks in many remote areas.

Alex Cornelissen

Netherlands, Substitute Spokesperson

“Many of these species have local or global protections and this petition and the legislation it represents would help really enforce measures put in place to preserve these rapidly disappearing sharks”.

Andrew is a marine biologist and university lecturer in the UK. Some of his recent research has shown that endangered sharks are on sale in the EU, including shark fins from beautiful animals such as hammerhead and mako sharks.

Griffiths_Andrew– Andrew Griffith, United Kingdom

Julian Engel is a marine ecologist and fisheries analyst, who has worked in the context of illegal fishing in Honduras, West Africa and South-East-Asia. His work incorporates not only the ecosystem but also the integration of socioeconomics in sustainability.

As the co-founder of the NGO Stop Finning, he creates advocacy on the crucial role that sharks play in healthy ecosystems and the sustainability of our oceans.

Julian_EngelJulian Engel, Great Britain

“Sharks have been present on earth for nearly half a billion years, currently are declining in alarming numbers. It is our duty to ensure their survival for the future generations and the EU must be on the frontline”

Ioannis is a shark conservationist working with elasmobranchs throughout the Mediterranean, focusing on illegal fishing and trade. Ioannis is currently working in Greece and Cyprus on different projects aiming to safeguard the future of elasmobranchs in the Mediterranean

Ioannis-Giovos– Ioannis Giovos, Greece

“Shark numbers all over the world have been decreasing for decades. Most species take many years to reach sexual maturity and reproduce, making these animals particularly vulnerable to overfishing. For many years now the EU has dismissed scientists’ warnings and recommendations, but that has to stop. I joined this initiative because sharks need our help and I believe stopping the fin trade is a step in the right direction. Together, we can do it!”

Luís Alves has an MSc in Applied Biotechnology and is a biology PhD candidate at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon. His research is focused on the study of the effects of pollution in sharks found in Portuguese waters. He has also worked as a fisheries observer and is the current president of the Portuguese Association for the Study and Conservation of Elasmobranchs (APECE).

Luis-Alves– Luís Alves, Portugal

“Since a couple of decades, and especially due to an increased market demand for shark fins, overfishing and many other human activities, many sharks species have been driven to the rim of extinction. I believe we all must do our best to create awareness as of the importance of sharks for the balance of all marine biodiversity and, consequently for the entire planet.”

Conservationist, environmentalist, shark expert, specialised in shark diver training and in shark advocation. Fernando Frias Reis is the Founder and Executive Director of the Sharks Educational Institute which he founded in 2016.

Fernando-Reis– Fernando Reis, Spain

Chrysoula is a molecular biologist who is based at the Fisheries Research Institute (FRI), Nea Peramos, Greece. Dr. Gubili gained her PhD in the population genetics of the Great White in 2009 and has a very longstanding interest in chondrichthyan biology.

She is a newly appointed researcher at the FRI and she has been recently appointed as head of the “Elasmobranch Database” of the Greek National Program of Data Collection in the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sectors for the Northern Aegean Sea.

Gubili_Chrysoula– Dr. Chrysoula Gubili, Greece

Monica is in the process of finishing her Master’s in Aquatic Ecology at Lund University (Sweden) and has mainly focused on marine environments.

She is fascinated by the ocean and all the life found within. She supports the citizens’ initiative because sharks are misunderstood and feared, but in truth they are of the utmost importance to marine life and ecosystems, and they should not disappear simply because humans are greedy.

Monica-GabellMonica Gabell, Sweden

Veerle is a diver, ocean lover and sharks are on top of her bucket-encounter-list: Diving is her religion, the ocean her church and sharks are the chief priests.

She has been working with many organizations (Shark Angels, Sea Save Foundation and others) and has her own: The Global Shark Conservation Initiative, which has initiated many letter campaigns to authorities, supermarkets and restaurants in order to get more protection for sharks. This campaign is important to her, as we should do everything within our power to stop sharks from being slaughtered at today’s rate.

Veerle Roelandt– Veerle Roelandt, Italy

Katrien Vandevelde is a passionate diver with the soul of an activist.

Over the last 15 years she has worked as a board member, a communications officer and a volunteer for multiple NGO’s, where she initiated and implemented, or assisted in the execution of grassroots projects. Then, along with her husband, she founded BlueShark Conservation, an NGO focussed on raising awareness and on assisting international NGO’s during their shark or ocean conservation campaigns.

Katrien-Vandevelde– Katrien Vandevelde, Belgium